Interesting Design Gift Ideas

A few nice Design Gift Ideas images I found:

103a. Rumsey 2 Flickr Insert
Design Gift Ideas
Image by Jim Surkamp
Montage

Made possible with the generous, community-minded support of American Public University System (apus.edu). Sentiments conveyed in this post or any viideos associated with CivilWarScholars.com, even if commendable, do not in any way reflect the 21st century policies of the University and are intended to encouraged fact-based fair-minded discussion to improve understanding and insight.

NOTE: Within this post, the presence of an asterisk (*) denotes a research source; two asterisks (**) denotes the text and the script; and three asterisks (***) denotes the nature and source of music or sounds employed at that juncture in the corresponding video on youtube at the channel of Jim Surkamp.

POST: 18th century "Tesla" – James Rumsey of Shepherdstown – (2 Conclusion) by Jim Surkamp
civilwarscholars.com/2020/10/18th-century-tesla-james-rum…

VIDEO: James Rumsey "The Most Original" (2)
www.youtube.com/watch?v=X29S2ywMyTc&t=332s

BEGINS @ 5:32 in video (Preceded by other material from 0:00 to 2:53. From 2:53-5:32 is "lead up" to departure to England)

"In two hours I shall be on board a ship bound for London with a bill for two hundred pounds sterling in my pocket and the best letters Philadelphia can afford. Doctor Franklin is writing a letter for me. . . .This Charles is my meridian, if I do not do something now I am done.." – James Rumsey to Charles Morrow. May 10, 1788

(Howard Pyle’s book of the American spirit; the romance of American history, pictured by Howard Pyle, comp. by Merle Johnson, with narrative descriptive text from original sources, edited by Francis J. Dowd. Main Author: Pyle, Howard, 1853-1911, Related Names: Dowd, Francis Joseph 1876-, ed., Johnson, Merle De Vore 1874-1935, comp. Published: New York, Harper & brothers, 1923.
babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015003654194&vie…

***
:00 River 8 Theme by Cam Millar over introductory images of Jim Surkamp and People’s History Montage

:41 Nick Blanton (hammered dulcimer), Shana Aisenberg (guitar), and Ralph Gordon (cello) over all images in the introduction (23) to 5:31

5:31 FX ocean waves over image 1 to 6:17
5:46 FX seagulls to 6:27 over image 1 to 6:27.

5:36 – 6:46

**

The letter from Ben Franklin said:
Philadelphia. May 14, 1788 Dear Friend, The Bearer, Mr. Rumsey, goes to England, with a View of making some Advantage to himself by an Invention which he thinks may be useful to others, viz. an Improvement of Boilers for Steam Engines, whereby 9/10ths of the Fuel may be saved; and the Machine applied with Convenience to the forcing Boats against the Stream of Rivers. He apprehends that another Mechanician of this Country is endeavoring to deprive him of such advantages by pretending an a priori right to the Invention; and as he will be quite a stranger in England, and unacquainted with the Modes of proceeding in public affairs, I beg leave to recommend him to your friendly Counsels, which will much oblige. B. Vaughan, Esq. Yours affect. B. Franklin
Mr. Rumsey is a Person of good Character and Reputation in this country.

***
6:27 Nick Blanton (hammered dulcimer), Shana Aisenberg (guitar), and Ralph Gordon (cello) over images 1-4 to 7:00

1. Benjamin Franklin 1785
Joseph Duplessis (1725–1802) National Portrait Gallery
Credit line: gift of the Morris and Gwendolyn Cafritz Foundation
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Benjamin_Franklin_by_Jose…

2. James Rumsey
James Rumsey ca. 1790
Attributed to George William West Born: St. Andrew’s Parish, Maryland 1770 Died: 1795 oil on wood – Smithsonian American Art Museum
Bequest of Eugene A. Rumsey and Brothers
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:James_Rumsey-1957.11.2.jpg

3. Rumsey Franklin Montage

***
6:47 FX oceans waves over image 4 to 7:00

4. Montage Map Philadelphia to London
4a.Map Philadelphia to London
google.com/maps
www.google.com/maps/@40.4781244,-59.6681312,3.99z
4b. ship Howard Pyle’s Book of the American Spirit p. 117
hathitrust.org 19 September 2008 Web. 19 January 2019.
p. 117 (in thebook) p. 147 by hathitrust

*

References
duration of crossing
• In 1785, Franklin left France for England in early summer, and then set sail for America in late July, arriving in Philadelphia in September.
pbs.org
www.pbs.org/benfranklin/exp_worldly_atlantic.htmlLondon

7:00 "Rule Britannia" peformed by U.S. Army band over images 5-12
to 8:14; 7:00 FX seagulls over images 5-7 to 7:28.

Ref:
"Rule, Britannia!" is a British patriotic song, originating from the poem "Rule, Britannia" by James Thomson and set to music by Thomas Arne in 1740.[1] It is strongly associated with the Royal Navy, but also used by the British Army. Performed by the United States Army.
wikipedia.org
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rule,_Britannia!

5. River Thames London 18th century
Artist: Thomas Bowles (–1762); Description: A General View of the City of London and the River Thames, plate 2 from ‘Views of London’, 1794
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Panoramic_view_of_London_…

6. Portsmouth Point by Thomas Rowlandson.
wikipedia.org
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Portsmouth_Point_by_Thomas_Row…

7. London in 1788 (the year Rumsey arrived there)
Description: English: Blackfriars Bridge and St Pauls Cathedral, by William Marlow, 1788
Date 18 September 2014, 15:14:37; Source: Own work; Author: Stephencdickson
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Blackfriars_Bridge_and_St…

8. Benjamin Vaughan
Description: Dr. Benjamin Vaughan, Hallowell, ca. 1800
Date:circa 1800
wikipedia.org
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Vaughan#/media/File:Benjam…

***
7:39 FX Wagons moving over image 9 to 7:50.

9. Map of England 1771
Artist: Jean Janvier (fl. 1746–1776)
Title: Les Isles Britanniques Comprenant les Royaumes D’Angleterre, D’Ecosse et D’Irlande divisee en grands provinces. Description: English: A beautiful example of Janvier’s 1771 decorative map of the British Isles. Includes all of England, Scotland and Ireland as well as parts of adjacent France, Holland and Belgium. Divided according to Province. An inset in the upper right details the Shetland and Orkney Islands. A decorative mile scale appears in the lower left quadrant. A decorative title cartouche depicting the British royal armorial crest appears in the upper left quadrant. Drawn by J. Janvier c. 1771 for issue as plate no. 20 in Jean Lattre’s 1776 issue of the Atlas Moderne .
Date 1771 (undated)
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:1771_Zannoni_Map_of_the_B…(England,_Scotland,_Ireland)_-_Geographicus_-_BritishIsles-janvier-1771.jpg

10. Matthew Boulton
Matthew Boulton (1792), by Carl Frederik von Breda.
Date 1792
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Matthew_Boulton_-_Carl_Fr…

11. Soho Manufactory by Frances Eginton, 1773
intriguing-history.com
www.intriguing-history.com/matthew-boulton/

**

Rumsey delivered the letter to Franklin’s friend, Dr. Benjamin Vaughan, who delivered it to Mathew Boulton, the co-owner of Boulton & Watt, the world’s largest and most successful steam engine company. Vaughan met in Boulton’s offices in Birmingham.

12. John Fitch
John Fitch (1743-1798)
Date4 December 2010, 18:15 (UTC)
derivative work: Beao
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 20 April 2019.
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:John_Fitch_(inventor).png

**

Boulton already knew and studied what both Rumsey and his rival, John Fitch, claimed about their alleged steamboats. He knew, too, that steam-driven navigation in canals, on rivers, and the high seas was the next big "Get."

13. Mattew Boulton (same as 11)
Matthew Boulton (1792), by Carl Frederik von Breda.
Date 1792
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Matthew_Boulton_-_Carl_Fr…

James Rumsey ca. 1790
Attributed to George William West Born: St. Andrew’s Parish, Maryland 1770 Died: 1795 oil on wood – Smithsonian American Art Museum
Bequest of Eugene A. Rumsey and Brothers
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:James_Rumsey-1957.11.2.jpg

14. Reading by Argand oil lamp
Argand oil lamp
deilataylor.com 2 February 2011 Web. 20 APril 2019.
www.deilataylor.com/did-benjamin-franklin-start-daylight-…

15. Fitch steamboat
Fitch boat
Description:
"Plan of Mr. Fitch’s Steam Boat." Wood engraving.
Date: December 1786
Source: The Columbian Magazine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Library of Congress,
loc.gov
www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2006691757/?sid=34e05bc124d3401…
Author:
James Trenchard (1747–)
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Fitch%27s_Steam_Boat_1786_(cropped).jpg

**

Reading their accounts line-by-line and page-by-page, he had found Fitch’s paddlewheel boat cumbersome but was intrigued with Rumsey’s ingenuity.

***
8:41 Cornfield 1 & 2 by Cam Millar over images 16 & 31a to 11:14

16. Drawing of three men talking around a table 18th century
Meeting
Jefferson showing a draft of the Declaration to Benjamin Franklin and John Adams
National Library of Medicine #B015716 (detail)
Contributor(s): Knight, T., artist
Copyright: The National Library of Medicine believes this item to be in the public domain.
NLM Unique ID: 101419713 (See catalog record)
NLM Image ID: B015716
Permanent Link:http://resource.nlm.nih.gov/101419713
collections.nlm.nih.gov
collections.nlm.nih.gov/catalog/nlm:nlmuid-101419713-img

17. Boulton & Watt Split screen

17a. Mathew Boulton
Mathew Boulton 1728-1809
Smiles, Samuel, (1865). "Lives of Boulton and Watt. Principally from the original Soho mss." London, J. Murray.
babel.hathitrust.org 6 December 2009 Web. 20 April 2019.
facing p. 159.
babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=uc1.b3377302;view=1up;seq=184

17b. James Watt
James Watt
Carl Frederik von Breda (1759–1818) in 1792 National Portrait Gallery
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 20 April 2019.
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Watt_James_von_Breda.jpg

**

Rumsey wrote later: I showed Mr. Fitch’s pamphlet to Messrs. B. & W. and they on reading it pronounced him an ignorant person who knew little about the matter he was engaged in — They were quite displeased at the general claim he lays to all steam boats, and say he must be very badly informed about the customs of Europe.

Six months earlier, Rumsey had eased into the Potomac at Shepherdstown, Va. a boat driven by jet-propulsion,

18. Map of the United States 1780
Title: Carte des États-Unis de l’Amérique septentrionale, dressée d’après des cartes anglaises. Contributor Names: Brion de la Tour, Louis, 1743-1803. Desnos, L. C.
Created / Publishe: Paris, Chez le S. Desnos [1780?]
loc.gov
www.loc.gov/resource/g3700.ar074100/

19. A map of the most inhabited part of Virginia
A map of the most inhabited part of Virginia containing the whole province of Maryland with part of Pensilvania, New Jersey and North Carolina.Contributor Names
Fry, Joshua, approximately 1700-1754.
Jefferson, Peter, 1708-1757, joint author.
Jefferys, Thomas, -1771.
Created / Published
London, Thos. Jefferys [1755]
loc.gov
www.loc.gov/resource/g3880.ct000370/

**

20. A quick tutorial on James Rumsey’s 1787 boat (courtesy Nick Blanton)

21. How the boat works – the Thrust Stroke
jamesrumsey.org
jamesrumsey.org/how-the-steamboat-works/
When the Control Valve is flipped, the Steam Cylinder is connected to the Condenser, which condenses the steam creating a vacuum. Because of the vacuum in the Steam Cylinder, air pressure now pushes the Steam Piston and Water Piston down, forcing water of out of the
Water Cylinder, through the Trunk Line and out the stern. By reaction, this mass of water thrown backward propels the boat forward, in the same way as a jet or rocket.

At the same time, more water is pumped into the Water Tube Boiler by the injector Pump, and condensed water and trapped air are pumped out of the Condenser by the Air Pump.

Notice the water passing through the Trunk Line Flapper Valves during the Steam Stroke? These allow water from the Thrust Stroke to continue moving out the Trunk Line during the intake of new water through the River Valves.

22. Thrust 1 control valve
23. Thrust 1 steam cylinder
24. Thrust 1 condenser
24a.Thrust 1 vacuum.png
When the Control Valve is flipped, the Steam Cylinder is connected to the Condenser, which condenses the steam creating a vacuum.

25. Thrust 2 vacuum pistons
26. Thrust 2 pistons down
27. Thrust 2 trunk line
Because of the vacuum in the Steam Cylinder, air pressure now pushes the Steam Piston and Water Piston down, forcing water of out of the Water Cylinder, through the Trunk Line and out the stern.

27a. Thrust 2 jet ski and rocket summary
By reaction, this mass of water thrown backward propels the boat forward, in the same way as a jet or rocket.

28. Thrust 3 injector
29. Thrust 3 water pumped
30. Thrust 3 condenser
31. Thrust 3 air pump
At the same time, more water is pumped into the Water Tube Boiler by the Injector Pump, and condensed water and trapped air are pumped out of the Condenser by the Air Pump.

31a. Thrust 3 trunk line out – river valves in.png
Notice the water passing through the Trunk Line Flapper Valves during the Steam Stroke? These allow water from the Thrust Stroke to continue moving out the Trunk Line during the intake of new water through the River Valves.

11:15 Cornfield 3 & 5 by Cam Millar over images 32 to 36b to 12:13

32.Intake Introduction Text
jamesrumsey.org
jamesrumsey.org/how-the-steamboat-works/

32a. Intake 1 steam in

**

33. How the boat works jamesrumsey.org – The Steam Stroke
The Intake or Steam Stroke – Live Steam is allowed into the Steam Cylinder by the Control valve and pushes up the Steam Piston. The connecting Rod pulls up the Water Piston, thus drawing water in through the River Valves into the Water Cylinder. At the top of the stroke the Control Valve is flipped to start the thrust or vacuum stroke.

33a. Intake steam in boiler
34. Intake steam in cylinder
35. Intake control valve
36. Intake pistons up water in.
36a. Intake Conrol Valve is flipped
36b. TITLE
You’re done! This concludes this tutorial on Rumsey’s first steamboat. Pretty complicated, isn’t it? (and no Home Depot)

***
12:04 FX applause over image 32a to 12:13

37. Side View Rumsey steamboat
jamesrumsey.org

**

Rumsey needed Boulton & Watt’s skills and resources. This boat tried in Shepherdstown was made from local iron ores, scraps from musket barrels, lead solder, tin, and the wood from endless forests. It moved – fully loaded – against the current, sometimes at four miles per hour. But the 200 feet of tubing comprising the boiler and assembled by the brazing process sprung leaks.

37a. Iron ore
mining.com
www.mining.com/iron-ore-price-its-all-about-grade-now-16808/

37b.
fired musket – Jim Surkamp Collection

37c.
Copper soldering Iron Image
youtube.com
www.youtube.com/watch?v=eaTozPCW2vI

38.
Giant Redwood Trees of California
Albert Bierstadt – 1874
Berkshire Museum – Pittsfield, MA (United States – Pittsfield, Massachusetts)
the-athenaeum.org
www.the-athenaeum.org/art/detail.php?ID=19810

39. Drawing of Rumsey steamboat by Larry Dreschler
pinterest.com 2 February 2010 Web. 20 April 2019.
www.pinterest.com/carlafboulton/matthew-boulton/

40. Tube boiler
Tube piping
References: Detail of Rumsey’s earliest tubular boiler. from his The Explanations, and Annexed Plates of the Following Improvements in Mechanics (Philadelphia) 1788.
Layton, Edwin T. Jr. "James Rumsey Pioneer Technologist." West Virginia History (1989). Vol. XLVIII p. 9.

***

12:50 FX hissing steam over images 40 & 41 to 12:58
sound fx of hissing steam
youtube.com 28 april 2005 Web. 20 April 2019.
www.youtube.com/watch?v=LIVY1GZ_Oqw

12:53 Dawn to Dusk by Cam Millar over images 41-49 to 13:56

41. Montage meeting Watt & Boulton
41a. Mattew Boulton (same as 11)
Matthew Boulton (1792), by Carl Frederik von Breda.
Date 1792
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Matthew_Boulton_-_Carl_Fr…

41b. James Watt
Artist: Carl Frederik von Breda
Title: Portrait of James Watt
Date: 1792
Collection: National Portrait Gallery
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Watt_James_von_Breda.jpg

41c. Meeting (same as 16)
Jefferson showing a draft of the Declaration to Benjamin Franklin and John Adams
National Library of Medicine #B015716 (detail)
Contributor(s): Knight, T., artist
Copyright: The National Library of Medicine believes this item to be in the public domain.
NLM Unique ID: 101419713 (See catalog record)
NLM Image ID: B015716
Permanent Link:http://resource.nlm.nih.gov/101419713
collections.nlm.nih.gov
collections.nlm.nih.gov/catalog/nlm:nlmuid-101419713-img

42. Watt thinking
fr.wikisource.org
fr.wikisource.org/wiki/Page:Figuier_-_Les_Merveilles_de_l…

43. Newcomen engine on site
New universal magazine, London, Pub. for J. Hinton, vol. 1 1747 Jun-Dec
p. 199
hathitrust.org
babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015021317345&vie…
Newcomen steam engine. From The Universal Magazine London 1747, based on Henry Beighton’s 1717 engraving of engine at the Griff mine near Nuneaton, Warwickshire, England. Copperplate engraving

44. miners
A brief history of British coal mining – in pictures – Fri 18 Dec 2015 02.01 EST
theguardian.com
www.theguardian.com/environment/gallery/2015/dec/18/coal-…

***

13:09 guitar harmonics by Jim Surkamp over images 45-45a to 13:25

**

They certainly could help him. Boulton’s partner, the abstracted James Watt, had added a condenser to the inefficient Newcomen steam engine that had been used to relieve England’s mines of water.

45. Newcomen’s Engine Art Print
Claus Lunau/science Photo Library
by Claus Lunau/science Photo Library
fineartamerica.com
fineartamerica.com/featured/newcomens-engine-claus-lunaus…

45a.
Watt’s Improved Newcomen Engine Art Print
Claus Lunau/science Photo Library
fineartamerica.com
fineartamerica.com/featured/watts-improved-newcomen-engin…
46. Industrial Revolution
Coalbrookdale by Night by Philip James de Loutherbourg
Depicted place: Madeley Wood Furnaces, Coalbrookdale
Date: 1801
Collection: Science Museum
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Philipp_Jakob_Loutherbour…

**

Watt’s enormous improvement to the engine triggered the industrial revolution in England because water-free mines could be dug deeper and to much more coal. But Watt’s steam engine was too big for most boats.

47. Dig Deeper Dordon, Warwickshire
earthsciencepartnership.co.uk/
www.earthsciencepartnership.co.uk/projects/coal-mining-ri…

48. Watt engine 1774 too big
Thurston, Robert Henry,(1886, c1884)."A history of the growth of the steam-engine" New York: D. Appleton and company.
p. 98 Watt steam engine 1774
archive.org
archive.org/details/historyofgrowtho00thuriala/page/98

48a. Drawing of Rumsey steamboat by Larry Dreschler
pinterest.com 2 February 2010 Web. 20 April 2019.
www.pinterest.com/carlafboulton/matthew-boulton/

*
49. James Rumsey
James Rumsey ca. 1790
Attributed to George William West Born: St. Andrew’s Parish, Maryland 1770 Died: 1795 oil on wood – Smithsonian American Art Museum
Bequest of Eugene A. Rumsey and Brothers
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:James_Rumsey-1957.11.2.jpg

50. James Watt (same as 17b)
James Watt
Carl Frederik von Breda (1759–1818) in 1792 National Portrait Gallery
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 20 April 2019.
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Watt_James_von_Breda.jpg

**

Rumsey’s smallish water tube boiler for a smallish steam engine-driven boat was a true step forward, and even a few steps ahead of Boulton & Watt.

***
14:04 FX explosion over image 51 to 14:11
free sfx.uk & youtube.com
www.youtube.com/watch?v=5mDTLsNUpPM

51. Explosion of Board the Steamboat "Farmer," Galveston Bay, Texas.
Wood engraving, 1853
oldprintshop.com
oldprintshop.com/product/137897?inventoryno=88769&ite…

**

Watt feared that all the pressure within those many-angled pipes of the tube boiler would cause fierce explosions, a problem that did occur in later years with improperly made water tube boilers on boats.

52. Rumsey’s water tube boiler from drawing
jamesrumsey.org

**

But Rumsey’s boiler occupied a fraction of the space on a boat than would Watt’s big steam engine. Unlike Watt’s, Rumsey’s boiler design heated the water more efficiently because it exposed uniformly. Rumsey’s boiler – with its 200 feet of joined iron tubing, carried water as it was being heated on all sides by surrounding flame all within the boiler.

53. Watt’s Improved Newcomen Engine Art Print (Same as 45a.)
Claus Lunau/science Photo Library
fineartamerica.com
fineartamerica.com/featured/watts-improved-newcomen-engin…

**

Watt’s was the reverse: a heat-generating tube that heated unequally all the water that filled the boiler’s general space. He called it an "atmospheric boiler."

***

14:56 Rule Britannia performed by the U.S. Army band over images 54-60 to 15:58

54. Rumsey Visits Boulton & Watt At Their Place

55. Apple Map of Soho House location
52.4996,-1.9229

56. Apple Map of Soho House location (satellite)

**

On July 3rd, the three met for the first time at Boulton & Watt’s offices in Birmingham. They worked, negotiated together with high hopes for two months. They agreed to form a partnership. They promised Rumsey the services of their master mechanic, a Mr. Handley – and Rumsey was to report regularly on the progress he and Handley made on his demonstration water tube boiler steamboat.

***

Breath 1 by Cam Millar

57. Mathew Boulton’s Home Soho House
Date20 September 2009
SourceOwn work
AuthorWehwaltwikipedia.org
wikipedia.org 27 July 2001 Web. 10 February 2019.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soho_House

58. Meeting (same as 16 & 41c)
Jefferson showing a draft of the Declaration to Benjamin Franklin and John Adams
National Library of Medicine #B015716 (detail)
Contributor(s): Knight, T., artist
Copyright: The National Library of Medicine believes this item to be in the public domain.
NLM Unique ID: 101419713 (See catalog record)
NLM Image ID: B015716
Permanent Link:http://resource.nlm.nih.gov/101419713
collections.nlm.nih.gov
collections.nlm.nih.gov/catalog/nlm:nlmuid-101419713-img

59. black smith
Encyclopédie, ou dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers by Numerous contributors, edited by Denis Diderot and Jean le Rond d’Alembert, Publisher: André le Breton, Michel-Antoine David, Laurent Durand and Antoine-Claude Briasson Publication date: 1751–1766
wikipedia.org 27 July 2001 Web. 10 February 2019.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Encyclop%C3%A9die

**

On July 3rd, the three met for the first time at Boulton & Watt’s offices in Birmingham. They worked, negotiated together with high hopes for two months. They agreed to form a partnership. They promised Rumsey the services of their master mechanic, a Mr. Handley – and Rumsey was to report regularly on the progress he and Handley made on his demonstration water tube boiler steamboat.

***

15:56 Breath 1 by Cam Millar over images 60-68 to 18:00

60. James Rumsey
James Rumsey ca. 1790
Attributed to George William West Born: St. Andrew’s Parish, Maryland 1770 Died: 1795 oil on wood – Smithsonian American Art Museum
Bequest of Eugene A. Rumsey and Brothers
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:James_Rumsey-1957.11.2.jpg

61. Benjamin Vaughan (same as 8)
Description: Dr. Benjamin Vaughan, Hallowell, ca. 1800
Date:circa 1800
wikipedia.org
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Benjamin_Vaughan#/media/File:Benjam…

**

Rumsey was dismayed when he read Boulton’s proposed agreement, especially that Boulton & Watt would claim all forms of steamboat navigation as their own.

Rumsey and Vaughan wrote a letter on August 6th to Boulton stating that they had no connection with Boulton & Watt, that they didn’t need Mr. Handley and that they could make steamboats in Ireland, where English patents were often disregarded. They also refused to abandon their Rumseyan Society backers back home.

***

16:32 The Corrs playing "Toss the Feathers" over image 62 to 16:45

62. Ireland Rock of Dumamase
from-ireland.net
www.from-ireland.net/county-laois-genealogy/

63. Benjamin Franklin 1785 (same as 1)
Joseph Duplessis (1725–1802) National Portrait Gallery
Credit line: gift of the Morris and Gwendolyn Cafritz Foundation
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Benjamin_Franklin_by_Jose…

***

16:53 FX scribbling on paper over images 64-67a to 17:36

64. Reading by Argand oil lamp (same as 14)
Argand oil lamp
deilataylor.com 2 February 2011 Web. 20 APril 2019.
www.deilataylor.com/did-benjamin-franklin-start-daylight-…

**

Boulton wrote back the on August 14th:
Sir — It appears to me there is so great a change in your sentiments that I have little hopes of our forming any connection, because you reason as if you expected shadows to counter-balance substance.

65. Mattew Boulton (same as 11 & 41a)
Matthew Boulton (1792), by Carl Frederik von Breda.
Date: 1792
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Matthew_Boulton_-_Carl_Fr…

66. quill and ink
English: A parchment quill and ink. Klaf, Kulmus & D’yo
Date 25 May 2017
Source Own work
Author Mushki Brichta
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 20 April 2019.
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:%D7%A7%D7%9C%D7%A3,_%D7%A…

67. James Watt (same as 50 & 17b) Montage drawings
James Watt
Carl Frederik von Breda (1759–1818) in 1792 National Portrait Gallery
commons.wikimedia.org 5 June 2004 Web. 20 April 2019.
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Watt_James_von_Breda.jpg

67a. A course of experimental philosophy by John Theophilus Desaguliers. Publication date 1734-1744
Digitizing sponsor Scientific and Technical Information Center (STIC)
Contributor Scientific and Technical Information Center (STIC), United States Patent and Trademark Office
archive.org 26 January 1997 Web. 16 February 2019.
archive.org/details/0027ACOU/page/n6

drawings pp. 429-513
archive.org/details/0027ACOU/page/n456
p. 429

Plate 12
archive.org/details/0027ACOU/page/n477

Plate 16
archive.org/details/0027ACOU/page/n485

67b. Side view drawing of Rumsey steamboat (same as 21-36)
jamesrumsey.org

68. Matthew Boulton drawing and types of steam engines Montage
Matthew Boulton
Smiles, Samuel. (1865). "The Lives of Boulton & Watt." London, UK: John Murray, Albemarle Street.
archive.org
p. 159
archive.org/details/livesofboultonwa00smil/page/n181

68a. Drawings of Watt Steam Engines

***

18:38 Shana Aisenberg (guitar) over image 69 and 70 to 18:49.

18:40 FX scribbling over images 69-71 to 19:36

**

I sincerely wish you may fully reap the fruits of your own labor & inventions & hope you’ll allow us to do the same. . . As to Boilers, you must allow me to observe that Mr. Watt was the first & only discoverer of the precise quantity of Water & the exact quantity of Steam of a given elasticity as well as the knowledge of the Total quantity of heat produce-able by a given measure of such Coals as this Country produces & thereby we are enabled to know the utmost limits of Boilers. I can’t help but smile at Mr. Vaughan’s reasoning upon that subject, which I own is very ingenious, but my opinion is, that when he hath tried as many boilers as we have – Hundreds, he will have discovered some Mistakes in it. There are many Cases in which your boiler cannot be used & there are many in which it may & therefore we wish not to discourage you from taking out a patent for it & we’ll render you any assistance in our power in the introduction of it.

It now appears to me that our Sentiments are not in unison & that you have mistaken your road to the goal in view; however, I shall forbear saying more until I have had a conference with Mr. Watt upon the subject & in interim remain Sir Your obedt humble Servt.

69. Reading by Argand oil lamp (same as 14 & 64)
Argand oil lamp
deilataylor.com 2 February 2011 Web. 20 APril 2019.
www.deilataylor.com/did-benjamin-franklin-start-daylight-…

70. Watt thinking (same as 42)
fr.wikisource.org
fr.wikisource.org/wiki/Page:Figuier_-_Les_Merveilles_de_l…

**

The next day, the agitated Boulton wrote his partner Watt: Vaughan seems to have the total possession of (Rumsey), but he shall never have possession of me.

That part of Vaughan’s letter in which he intimates, that if we are not connected with Rumsey, other mechanists may be found and the engines may be made in Ireland where no regard is paid to patents.

71. Mattew Boulton (same as 11, 41a, & 65)
Matthew Boulton (1792), by Carl Frederik von Breda.
Date: 1792
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Matthew_Boulton_-_Carl_Fr…

**
This shews the principles of the man in so clear a point of view that I cannot express how much I detest him but perhaps you’ll say I am in a passion. Perhaps I am and I hope I shall never be so void of feeling as to be insensible to such rascally principles; there is a sycophantic affectation of respect and threat through his letter.

***
20:08 Nick Blanton (hammered dulcimer), Shana Aisenberg (guitar), and Ralph Gordon (cello) over images 72-78 to 21:17

72. James Rumsey
James Rumsey ca. 1790
Attributed to George William West Born: St. Andrew’s Parish, Maryland 1770 Died: 1795 oil on wood – Smithsonian American Art Museum
Bequest of Eugene A. Rumsey and Brothers
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:James_Rumsey-1957.11.2.jpg

**

73. Royal Patent #1673 – Nov 6, 1788

**

Rumsey appears to have informed Boulton that he had submitted an application for a Patent in the London Patent office. Rumsey also made new overtures that Boulton considered naive.

74. A course of experimental philosophy by John Theophilus Desaguliers. Publication date 1734-1744 (same as 67a)
Digitizing sponsor Scientific and Technical Information Center (STIC)
Contributor Scientific and Technical Information Center (STIC), United States Patent and Trademark Office
archive.org 26 January 1997 Web. 16 February 2019.
archive.org/details/0027ACOU/page/n6

**

Having adopted scientific approaches and thought experiments into his researches

**

– all inspired by writings on Newtonian physics and by one John Desaguliers, all along with these positive influences Rumsey had also bought into the wrong notion that if a scientific idea is proven by math and physics, then if you try to manufacture such an object, it will produce exactly as expected.

75. Isaac Newton
Artist
Barrington Bramley (b.1950)
After Godfrey Kneller (1646–1723) Blue pencil.svg wikidata:Q65317 q:en:Godfrey Kneller
Description
English: Portrait of Isaac Newton (1642-1727).This a copy of a painting by Sir Godfrey Kneller (1689).
Español: Retrato de Isaac Newton (1642-1727), quien entre otras cosas fuera presidente de la Royal Society entre 1703 y 1727.
Date1992
CollectionInstitute for Mathematical Sciences, University of Cambridge
Referencesartuk.org
Source/Photographerhttp://www.newton.cam.ac.uk/art/portrait.html
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:GodfreyKneller-IsaacNewto…

76. John Theophilus Desaguliers
The Library and Museum of Freemasonry
artuk.org 22 September 2003 Web 19 February 2019.
artuk.org/discover/artworks/reverend-john-theophilus-desa…

77. James Rumsey
James Rumsey ca. 1790
Attributed to George William West Born: St. Andrew’s Parish, Maryland 1770 Died: 1795 oil on wood – Smithsonian American Art Museum
Bequest of Eugene A. Rumsey and Brothers
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:James_Rumsey-1957.11.2.jpg

***

21:17 Ralph Gordon (cello), Nick Blanton (hammered dulcimer), & Shana Aisenberg (guitar) over image 78, then only Ralph on cello over images 79-81 to 22:18

78. Title: The Kiss Off Letter

79. Soho House Boulton’s home (same as 57) Montage with insert of Boulton in window
Mathew Boulton’s Home Soho House
Date20 September 2009
SourceOwn work
AuthorWehwaltwikipedia.org
wikipedia.org 27 July 2001 Web. 10 February 2019.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soho_House

79a. Mattew Boulton (same as 11, 41a, 65, & 71)
Matthew Boulton (1792), by Carl Frederik von Breda.
Date: 1792
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Matthew_Boulton_-_Carl_Fr…

**

On August 29th Boulton unleashed all his frustrations in a letter that, in today’s modern slang, would be called the Kiss-Off letter:

**

Though we are in general much averse to partnerships or close connections for carrying on new inventions, yet from the very favorable opinion we formed of your abilities & character we were induced to make you offers which we shall not probably make to any other person in the like circumstances.

80a. James Rumsey (image reversed) Montage
James Rumsey
James Rumsey ca. 1790
Attributed to George William West Born: St. Andrew’s Parish, Maryland 1770 Died: 1795 oil on wood – Smithsonian American Art Museum
Bequest of Eugene A. Rumsey and Brothers
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:James_Rumsey-1957.11.2.jpg

80b. Soho House Boulton’s home (same as 57) Montage with insert of Boulton in window
Mathew Boulton’s Home Soho House
Date20 September 2009
SourceOwn work
AuthorWehwaltwikipedia.org
wikipedia.org 27 July 2001 Web. 10 February 2019.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soho_House

80c. Mattew Boulton (same as 11, 41a, 65, & 71)
Matthew Boulton (1792), by Carl Frederik von Breda.
Date: 1792
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Matthew_Boulton_-_Carl_Fr…

**

On fully considering, the objections you state to these offers & also the fresh proposals you make in lieu of them, we do not think there is any prospect of any terms being proposed which could make a connection agreeable to both parties; It is therefore our Opinion & desire that the negotiations should now terminate, having nothing farther to propose on our grant, except our wish to remain on a friendly footing with you.

81. Mattew Boulton (same as 11, 41a, 65, 71 & 79a)
Matthew Boulton (1792), by Carl Frederik von Breda.
Date: 1792
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Matthew_Boulton_-_Carl_Fr…

***

22:20 Shana Aisenberg (guitar) over 82-89 24:12

82. Montage M. Boulton & J. Rumsey fade out (See 80 & 81)
82a. Montage M. Boulton & J. Rumsey fade out
82b. Montage M. Boulton & J. Rumsey fade out
82c. Montage M. Boulton & J. Rumsey fade out

83. Mattew Boulton (same as 11, 41a, 65, 71, 79a & 80)
Matthew Boulton (1792), by Carl Frederik von Breda.
Date: 1792
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Matthew_Boulton_-_Carl_Fr…

**

We recommended Mr. Handley to you as a person who has always done our business faithfully as we expect he will do yours. We had no other motive whatever for wishing you to employ him & though we look upon your continuing to do so as a mark of your confidence in us & of your candor, yet we cannot desire you to employ him any longer than seems to suit your interest.

84. Handley – black smith (same 59)
Encyclopédie, ou dictionnaire raisonné des sciences, des arts et des métiers by Numerous contributors, edited by Denis Diderot and Jean le Rond d’Alembert, Publisher: André le Breton, Michel-Antoine David, Laurent Durand and Antoine-Claude Briasson Publication date: 1751–1766
wikipedia.org 27 July 2001 Web. 10 February 2019.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Encyclop%C3%A9die

84a. Mattew Boulton (same as 11, 41a, 65, 71, 79a, 80 & 83)
Matthew Boulton (1792), by Carl Frederik von Breda.
Date: 1792
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Matthew_Boulton_-_Carl_Fr…

84b. blacksmith fadeout
84c. blacksmith fadeout

**

In regard to your new Boiler, consisting of a narrow tube bent in a spiral or zigzag form, containing the water within it & having the fire or flame applied to the outside of it (the drawing of which you showed us) we shall give no opposition to your obtaining a patent for it, and shall observe the necessary secrecy until that patent is completed, in which we wish you success.

85. Montage Bouton tube drawings
85a. Mattew Boulton (same as 11, 41a, 65, 71, 79a, 80, 83 & 84a)
Matthew Boulton (1792), by Carl Frederik von Breda.
Date: 1792
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Matthew_Boulton_-_Carl_Fr…
85b. Tubular boilers from Royal Patent #1673 November 6, 1788
bl.uk
www.bl.uk/help/find-early-british-patents
museumoftheberkeleysprings.com
museumoftheberkeleysprings.com/rumsey-exhibit-3-4/

86. Same as 85 plus caption: "will give no opposition"

**

We beg leave however to remind you of what we formerly mentioned to you, that Boilers consisting of tubes bent in similar manner, but having the fire or flame passing through the inside of them & the water on the outside have been made both by ourselves & others

87. Same as 79 & 79a plus caption: "However"

88. Same as 79 & 79a plus caption: "Boilers consisting of tubes bent in similar manner have been made both by ourselvs & others"

**

and that our James Watt once made a Boiler- the grate bars of which were hollow tubes on which the fire rested, under an arch of metal surrounded with water.

89. Watt & drawing Montage
89a. A course of experimental philosophy by John Theophilus Desaguliers. Publication date 1734-1744
Digitizing sponsor Scientific and Technical Information Center (STIC)
Contributor Scientific and Technical Information Center (STIC), United States Patent and Trademark Office
archive.org 26 January 1997 Web. 16 February 2019.
drawings p. 479 and p. 487
archive.org/details/0027ACOU/page/n478
p. 487
archive.org/details/0027ACOU/page/n486

***

24:21 Shana Aisenberg (solemn guitar) over images 90-97 to 25:02

**

It is with regret that we find ourselves obliged to say that we cannot resign our claim to the use of the method of employing the power of Steam Engines to the propelling of Boats, by the reaction of water confined in tubes & acted upon by pistons or oars;

90. Soho House Boulton’s home (sa.me as 57) Montage with insert of Boulton in window
Mathew Boulton’s Home Soho House (same as 57 & 79)
Date20 September 2009
SourceOwn work
AuthorWehwaltwikipedia.org
wikipedia.org 27 July 2001 Web. 10 February 2019.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Soho_House

90a. Mattew Boulton (same as 11, 41a, 65, & 71)
Matthew Boulton (1792), by Carl Frederik von Breda.
Date: 1792
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Matthew_Boulton_-_Carl_Fr…

91. Same as 90/90a plus boat by Larry Dreschler
91a. Drawing of Rumsey steamboat by Larry Dreschler (Same as 48a & 39)
pinterest.com 2 February 2010 Web. 20 April 2019.
www.pinterest.com/carlafboulton/matthew-boulton/

92. Same as 90/90a plus tube boiler sideview
92a. How the boat works (Same as 21-37, 52, 67b,
jamesrumsey.org
jamesrumsey.org/how-the-steamboat-works/

93. Same as 90/90a plus paddleboat
93a. Fitch steamboat
Description:
"Plan of Mr. Fitch’s Steam Boat." Wood engraving.
Date: December 1786
Source: The Columbian Magazine, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Library of Congress,
loc.gov
www.loc.gov/pictures/item/2006691757/?sid=34e05bc124d3401…
Author:
James Trenchard (1747–)
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Fitch%27s_Steam_Boat_1786_(cropped).jpg

94. Barge below Flatford Mill (also known as Flatford Lock)
John Constable – 1810
Owner/Location: Yale Center for British Art (United States – New Haven, Connecticut)
Dates: 1810
the-athenaeum.org
www.the-athenaeum.org/art/detail.php?ID=135573
Ref
Science Museum Group Collection © The Board of Trustees of the Science Museum, LondonA depiction of James Watt hard at work, 1860.
allthatsinteresting.com
allthatsinteresting.com/james-watt-steam-engine

**

and also in rivers & canals by means of poles acting upon their bottoms; & the same candor you have observed towards us, obliges us to inform you, that we shall immediately take such steps as will render any patent for that purpose of no avail.

95. Title: On November 6, 1788, Rumsey officially secured a Royal Patent #1673 "for his invented methods of constructing Boilers for Distillation and other Objects, and for Steam Engines for various purposes."

**

On September 11th, James Watt wrote to Mr. Handley that he had entirely broken off all negotiations with Rumsey.

On November 6, 1788, Rumsey officially secured a Royal Patent #1673 “for his invented methods of constructing Boilers for Distillation and other Objects, and for Steam Engines for various purposes.” that included “giving motion to sugar mills, or to raise water, grind grain, or any other necessary purposes…”

***

Shana Aisenberg – banjo and flute upbeat

**

Rumsey with his motto – Conquer or Fall – charged ahead to build the much desired demonstration of the steamboat which he called the Columbia Maid — again with little funding, and relying mostly on his own mechanical skills. Conquer or Fall.

***

25:17 Shana Aisenberg (banjo and squeeze box) over images 96-104 (end of Layton) to 28:14

96. Conquer or Fall
The Rumseian Experiment
1,535 views by VideoDave2 February 21 2008
youtube.com
www.youtube.com/watch?v=cvTnm7MRqsU

97. James Rumsey & Conquer or Fall Flag
97a. Rumsey and "The Columbia Maid"

98. George Washington
George Washington
by Gilbert Stuart
National Gallery of Art – Washington DC
Source: Walters Art Museum
Date: 1821
wikipedia.org 27 July 2001 Web. 19 January 2019.
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Walters_Gilbert_Stuart_George_…
the-athenaeum.org 23 May 2002 Web. 20 October 2016.
www.the-athenaeum.org/art/detail.php?ID=296126

**

Rumsey was carried by what George Washington once called his overflowing “ebullitions.”

This is the time when he got his posterity portrait painted by fellow expatriate George West, who incidentally had an artistic apprentice, named Robert Fulton who had an inquiring mind that, written records indicate, Rumsey engaged.

99.The Artist in his Studio
Jean-Jacques Lagrenée – circa 1776
the-athenaeum.org
www.the-athenaeum.org/art/full.php?ID=119900

100. Montage Fulton image on canvas
100a.Fulton on canvas
sites.google.com
sites.google.com/site/robertfultonbylizhanover/
&
The Americana; a universal reference library, comprising the arts and sciences, literature, history, biography, geography, commerce, etc., of the world Year: 1908 (1900s) Authors: Subjects: Encyclopedias and dictionaries Publisher: New York : Scientific American Compiling Dept.
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/Category:Robert_Fulton#/media/…(1908)_(14783044175).jpg

101. Rumsey on Vermeer easel
georgedeem.org
www.georgedeem.org/images/work/Easel_Painting_197678.jpg
101a. modification of Johannes Vermeer’s painting "The Art of Painting"
Johannes Vermeer (1632–1675) Blue pencil.svg wikidata:Q41264 q:en:Johannes Vermeer
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Jan_Vermeer_-_The_Art_of_…

*
Ref:
Turner, Ella May. (1930). "James Rumsey – Pioneer in Steam Navigation." Scortdale, Pennsylvania: MENNONITE PUBLISHING HOUSE.
hathitrust.org

"(He then spoke of the effect of steam and the conviction he was under of the usefulness of its application for inland navigation;) but I did not then conceive, nor have I done so at any moment since, that it was suggested as a part of his original plan, but rather as the ebullition of his genius."
hathitrust.org
p. 111
babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015011191064&vie…

END Ref

102. Luce Foundation Interior 3rd Floor
Smithsonian American Art Foundation Luce Foundation Third floor
google.com/maps
www.google.com/maps/uv?hl=en&pb=!1s0x89b7b7918467d295…

103. Rumsey in frame on wall Luce Foundation (illusion)
americanart.si.edu
americanart.si.edu/visit/saam/luce

103a. County Road by Biscoe Brother0 – 1885 – West Virginia archives.org

**

The fresh air of freedom in his work fed an extraordinary four-year period of profound invention that in the end wore his brain out.

Wrote technology historian Edwin T. Layton:
James Rumsey, a remarkable American inventor of the eighteenth century, is today almost forgotten. To some extent this is due to the loss of all his United States patents in the great Patent Office fire of 1836. But his four British patents, describing more than twenty inventions, have survived, and they and other sources make it apparent that Rumsey was one of America’s most creative inventors. He made several major contributions to the steamboat; his most important invention was his reaction wheel, which served as a starting point for the highly fruitful work by Americans on hydraulic turbines.

103b. artwork

**
Rumsey’s greatest achievement, however, lay not in any of his twenty to thirty inventions but in his role in changing the very process of invention. He forged new links between science and technology in an age when Newtonian mechanics was still new and invention was still largely a matter of craftsmanship and trial and error. He brought the two together by creating ways of thinking that have become integral to modern engineering design. Call it the Industrial Enlightenment.

104. Edwin T. Layton
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Edwin_T._Layton.jpg

***

28:16 FX – horses on cobblestone and wagons over image 105 to 28:29

105: Title: Rumsey goes to Paris in March, 1789 to see Thomas Jefferson

**

Rumsey goes to Paris in March, 1789 to see Thomas Jefferson

In March, 1789, Rumsey set aside his intense work on the Columbia Maid and went to Paris to see our Ambassador Thomas Jefferson, who wanted to discuss a common interest patent law in the new United States.

***

28:31 Music "Belle Nanon" over images 106-112 to 29:51
MUSIC
French Folk Song – Belle Nanon (Unknown Artist) 1980s
zzenzero
Published on Mar 22, 2014
youtube.com
www.youtube.com/watch?v=J-jdGVTZUpQ

106. Paris 1775
Artist: Attributed to Alexandre-Jean Noël (French, 1752 – 1834) (1752 – 1834) – artist (French) A View of Place Louis XV
Date: circa 1775
Collection: Getty Center
wikipedia.org
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Paris_in_the_18th_century#/media/Fi…(French_-_A_View_of_Place_Louis_XV_-_Google_Art_Project.jpg

107. Google Maps Rue de Barri Paris
google.com/maps
www.google.com/maps/place/H%C3%B4tel+de+Berri,+a+Luxury+C…

108. Site in Paris of Hotel de Langeac
108a. Flag of France
wikipedia.org
en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Flag_of_France
108b. location of demolished Hotel de Langeac corner of Rue de Barri and the Champs-Elysees
google.com/maps
www.google.com/maps/@48.8714475,2.3022351,3a,75y,112.35h,…

108c.
Engraving of the Grille de Chaillot showing the Hôtel de Langeac on the left
monticello.org
www.monticello.org/site/research-and-collections/h%C3%B4t…

109.
Engraving of the Grille de Chaillot showing the Hôtel de Langeac on the left
monticello.org
www.monticello.org/site/research-and-collections/h%C3%B4t…

110. Hôtel de Langeac
Bibliotheque Nationale de France
Adams, William H. (2000). "The Paris Years of Thomas Jefferson." London & New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
books.google.com

p. 53
books.google.com/books?id=wUYTAOwDMP8C&pg=PA52&lp…

111. Montage
111a. Thomas Jefferson
Artist: John Trumbull (American, Lebanon, Connecticut 1756–1843 New York)
Date: 1788
Culture: American
Medium: Oil on mahogany
Dimensions: 4 1/2 x 3 1/4 in. (11.4 x 8.3 cm)
Classification: Paintings
Credit Line: Bequest of Cornelia Cruger, 1923
Accession Number: 24.19.1
metmuseum.org
www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/24.19.1/
&
Jefferson Portrait by John Trumbull (Painting)
Martha Jefferson Randolph; by descent to Virginia and Nicholas Trist; by descent to Edmund Jefferson Burke; by purchase to Thomas Jefferson Foundation in 1958
monticello.org
www.monticello.org/site/research-and-collections/jefferso…

111b. James Rumsey
James Rumsey ca. 1790
Attributed to George William West Born: St. Andrew’s Parish, Maryland 1770 Died: 1795 oil on wood – Smithsonian American Art Museum
Bequest of Eugene A. Rumsey and Brothers
commons.wikimedia.org
commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:James_Rumsey-1957.11.2.jpg

111c. Thomas Jefferson’s signature
Letter Thomas Jefferson to James Rumsey October 14, 1789
loc.gov
www.loc.gov/resource/mtj1.011_1173_1173/?st=text

111d. James Rumsey’s signature
Image 3 of James Rumsey to Thomas Jefferson, October 4, 1789
loc.gov
www.loc.gov/resource/mtj1.011_1147_1150/?sp=3

***

29:50 Shana Aisenberg ("Forked Deer" on mandolin) over images 112, 112a, & 112b to 30:26

**

The humorous Rumsey described his day with Thomas Jefferson to an old friend: I have this day had a good ride upon my hobby. It was by a particular request by our American Ambassador that I took this ride and glad I was of the opportunity at mounting having been so long out of practice by being in a country where the people could not understand the language in which I explained hobby’s gaits.
Mr. Jefferson’s hotel was the place appointed for me to exercise. And I had not been long mounted before Mr. Jefferson bore me company and fine sport we should have had, would time have permitted. Dinner time came on and company arrived and had been invited to dine. The horse had, therefore, been obliged to be stabled, However, Mr. Jefferson was so pleased with hobby that he borrowed him of me with an explanation with his gaits.
I know very well that what I have said will convey to you a very clear idea of the business of the day. But I beg you not to explain it to anybody – not nobody – in the same way. To be serious, you cannot conceive how attentive Mr. Jefferson has been to my business. He has been to the hotels of a great number of the nobility to gain their interest in my favor. I have no doubt that I shall succeed in the object of my journey.

112. Rumsey riding his hobby Montage
112a. Raising the Wind, 1812
Thomas Rowlandson British
metmuseum.org
www.metmuseum.org/art/collection/search/460878

112b. James Rumsey
James Rumsey ca. 1790
Attributed to George William West Born: St. Andrew’s Parish, Maryland 1770 Died: 1795 oil on wood – Smithsonian American Art Museum
Bequest of Eugene A. Rumsey and Brothers
co

Image from page 50 of “The rape of the lock : an heroi-comical poem in five cantos” (1896)
Design Gift Ideas
Image by Internet Archive Book Images
Identifier: rapeoflockheroic00popeuoft
Title: The rape of the lock : an heroi-comical poem in five cantos
Year: 1896 (1890s)
Authors: Pope, Alexander, 1688-1744 Beardsley, Aubrey, 1872-1898
Subjects:
Publisher: London : Leonard Smithers
Contributing Library: Dorothy H. Hoover Library, Ontario College of Art & Design
Digitizing Sponsor: The Ontario College of Art & Design

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Text Appearing Before Image:
ir her Airy Band; Some, as she sippd, the fuming Liquor fannd, Some oer her Lap their careful Plumes displayd, us Trembling, and conscious of the rich Brocade. Coffee (which makes the Politician wise. And see through all things with his half-shut Eyes) Sent up in Vapours to the Barons Brain New Stratagems, the radiant Lock to gain. lao Ah cease rash Youth ! desist eer tis too late, Fear the just Gods, and think of Scyllas Fate! Changd to a Bird, and sent to flit in Air, She dearly pays for Nisus injurd Hair! But when to Mischief Mortals bend their Will, 125 How soon they find fit Instruments of 111!Just then, Clarissa drew with tempting GraceA two-edgd Weapon from her shining Case;So Ladies in Romance assist their Knight,Present the Spear, and arm him for the Fight. 130 He takes the Gift with revrence, and extendsThe little Engine on his Fingers Ends;This just behind Belindas Neck he spreadAs oer the fragrant Steams she bends her Head :Swift to the Lock a thousand Sprights repair, 133

Text Appearing After Image:
CANTO III 21 A thousand Wings, by turns, blow back the Hair; And thrice they twitchd the Diamond in her Ear, Thrice she lookd back, and thrice the Foe drew near. Just in that instant, anxious Ariel sought The close Recesses of the Virgins thought; 140 As on the Nosegay in her Breast reclind, He watchd th Ideas rising in her Mind, Sudden he viewd, in spite of all her Art, An Earthly Lover lurking at her Heart. Amazd, confusd, he found his Power expird, 145 Resignd to Fate, and with a Sigh retird. The Peer now spreads the glittering Forfex wide,T inclose the Lock ; now joins it, to divide.Evn then, before the fatal Engine closd,A wretched Sylph too fondly interposd; 150 Fate urged the Sheers, and cut the Sylph in twain,(But Airy Substance soon unites again)The meeting Points the sacred Hair disseverFrom the fair Head, for ever and for ever ! Then flashd the living Lightnings from her Eyes, 155And Screams of Horror rend th affrighted Skies.Not louder Shrieks to pitying Heavn are cast.Whe

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